Two years after the Formosa Resolution was passed to ease tensions between communist China and Taiwan, Chinese communist leader Mao once again began movements to “liberate” Taiwan under the guise of “socialist transformation” of Chinese society, also known as the Great Leap Forward. Tensions reached a breaking point when Mao renewed bombings of Quemoy Island, an offshore island of Taiwan, in August of 1958.
Eisenhower reacted by sending a large naval contingent to the Taiwan Straits to provide aid against China; the USS Yorktown CVS-10 was part of this naval contingent. Throughout the months of August and September, Fighter Squadron 23 flew sorties against Chinese communists in F4D-1 Skyrays off the flight deck of the USS Yorktown.
The military strength displayed by the USS Yorktown, and other Naval vessels within the contingent, convinced the Chinese to cease bombings on Quemoy and seek a peaceful settlement with Taiwan’s Nationalist government by October 1958.